Optical Physics and Quantum Electronics
Applied Physics 216

Optics/Photonics Web Resources

Table of Contents

History: Electromagnetism
History: Optics
Optical properties
Biographies of great opticians
History: Optical Technology
Optical Communication
Fiber Optics
Custom Glass Fabrication
Glass (and Optical Fibers)
Organic Optical Materials
Photonic Band Gap Materials

Relevant History:

History: Electromagnetism:

A Timeline of Electricity and Magnetism:  information taken mainly from E. T. Whittaker's A History of the Theories of Aether and Electricity which spans 900 BC to 1905 AD.

Lines and Waves (local copy): a history of electromagnetism which focuses on the contributions of Faraday and Maxwell -- from the IEEE Center for the History of Electrical Engineering.

Gallery of Electromagnetic Personalities - A Vignette History of Electromagnetics: by Professor L. Taylor of the University of Maryland.

Sketches of a History of Electromagnetism: from the University of Colorado at Boulder.

Episodes in Romantic Science: Oersted and the Discovery of Electromagnetism
by Frederick Gregory, Department of History at the University of Florida.

History: Optics:

Optics Highlights -- An Anecdotal History of Optics from Aristophanes to Zernike: by Professor L. Taylor of the University of Maryland.

A Brief History of Optics (local copy) from Lasers & Optics, Web Science Resources.

Optical properties:

Polarization: The Discovery of Polarization

Biographies of great opticians:

Dominique FranÁois Jean Arago (1786-1853)

Renť Descartes (1596-1650)

Augustin Jean Fresnel (1788-1827)
The research of Sir William Rowan Hamilton (1805-1865)
Christiaan Huygens (1629-1695)

 Albert Abraham Michelson (1852-1931) - Michelson home page.

Willebrord van Roijen Snell (1580-1626)

History: Optical Technology:


History of the Telescope from the Galileo Project at Rice University

Optical Communication

Notes on Optical Telegraphy


The MIT history of spectroscopy.
 A History of Astronomical Spectroscopy from Laser Star

LEDs and LASERs:

A wonderful overview of the broad sweep of MASER and LASER history (local copy)

LASER History (1917-1996)   from LASERSTARS.org

Laser Stars history of the Ruby laser

Laser Stars history of the CO2 laser

Semiconductor injection (diode )laser

The Diode Laser—the First Thirty Days Forty Years Ago
 A Brief History of High-Power Semiconductor Lasers

A History of LED Technolgy from Marktech

Fiber Optics:

See Jeff Hecht's  A Short History of Fiber Optics and his A Fiber-Optic Chronology.

Light and Seeing:


There is a very interesting set of optical illusions at  "Fun Visual Tricks & Optical Illusions"  (Reference thanks to Sarah at ValleyBookClub.com). 

The Joy of Visual Perception: a web book on perception by Peter K. Kaiser of the Department of Psychology, York University.

Visual Physiology: an interactive tutorial by George Mather of the School of Biological Sciences, University of Sussex.


Brightness, Luminance, and Confusion: a March 1993 article by Charles P. Halsted in Information Display.

Luminance, Illuminance, Lumens, Lux, . . .

Light Measurement Handbook,  Alex Ryer (local copy).


Color Science: a collection of pictures and links relating color perception -- from the Department of Physics and Astronomy, Austin State University.

Color Theory Lecture Notes from John W. Buchanan's course Introductory Computer Graphics.

The Color Bars Signal -- Why and How

Optical Materials:


3M's Light Management Home Page

DuPont Glass Laminating Products - Information for Architects and Owners.  See, in particular, Architects Speak Out index of the Lamininated Glass News

Schott Glas

Corning: home page

SUMITA:  new glass and fiber technology

AFG Glass: home page

OPRI - Optical Polymer Research, Inc.

Control Optics: Optical system design and manufacturing


All about fiber optics: Lucifer Lighting Company

fti - Fiberoptics Technology, Inc.

Fiberstars: Technology in Fiber Optic Lighting

DN Labs, Inc.

Fiber Optics Products, Inc.

Custom Glass Fabrication

Northwestern Industries Inc.

Custom Glass Corporation

Glass (Optical Fibers):

A general Glass History: a great collection of "Web Links,  Information, & Great Stuff on the Glass Industry."

Fiber Optics....

Schott Glas - UK: an Application overview.

Fibre Optic Lighting & Sensing Technology Book: a general tutorial by Paul Timson & Barry Gregson - from Schott.  Good on basics, but doesn't have much on telecommunications.

Fiber Optics Basics: by Terry Macy at Ohio University

Fiber Optic Communication Tutorials: a set of tutorials which emphasize cable configurations - from LASCOMM

Fibre Optic Technologies: from Mercury Communications Ltd

Technical Books - Fiber Optics

Inorganic Optical Materials:

Smart Optical Materials by Sol-Gel Method

Organic Optical Materials:

Some background in important concepts in organic chemistry:

An extensive Glossary of Terms Used in Physical Organic Chemistry,

The Friends School Chemistry Homepage:  A valuable minicourse from the Friends School of Baltimore.  In the optical materials context, see in particular:

Chemical Bonding,
Hybridization Theory,
Lewis Dot Structures,
Particle in a Box model of optical properties of weakly bound or delocalized electron in organic molecules (with animations).

Structure and Colour in Dyes from the Stains File

Organic and Molecular Electronic and Optical Materials and Devices, Cherie R. Kagan, IBM T. J. Watson Research Center.

Non-Linear Organic Optical Materials, from Japan's National Institute of Advanced Industrial
Science and Technology (AIST)

Liquid Crystals:

Center for Advanced Liquid Crystalline Optical Materials (ALCOM)


Photonic Band-Gap Materials

Photonic & Sonic Band-Gap Bibliography
GES: Photonic Band Gap Material
Optoelectronics (Eli Yablonovitch) Group Home Page
Ali SerpengŁzel's Photonic Crystals

Photon Localization and Photonic Band Gap Materials: research of  Sajeev John

Links to Optical Organizations and Institutions

Quantum Optics and Atom Optics Links

optics.org: Photonic Resources for Scientists and Engineers

SPIE -- International Society for Optical Engineering

Optical Society of America

Society of Vacuum Coaters

Laser Focus World

ESO -- European Southern Observatory and AstroWeb databas


American Vacuum Society

IOP Publishing

Institute of Optics, Rochester University

Kettering Exhibit (UK)

Alphabetical listing of laser and optics related websites

Oregon Center for Optics, University of Oregon

Stanford Photonics Research Center (SPRC)

Quantum Optics

NTT Quantum Optics & Optical Materials
Caltech Quantum Optics
Quantum Optics at Leiden University: Homepage
Control and Measurement of Coherent Quantum Systems, Universitšt Innsbruck
Centre for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information, Universitšt Innsbruck
Ultrafast Quantum Optics Laboratory, Hokkaido University
Quantum Optics Group, Kyoto University

Computational Electromagnetics


Interactive Tutorials - General

Newport Tutorials: Optics


LASER Tutorials


Soliton work at Australian National University

ANU Optical Sciences Centre (OSC) home page
OSC Milestone Discoveries
OSC Papers Online
ANU Laser Physics Centre home page


Index to the Proceedings of the Conference on Nonlinear Coherent Structures in Physics and Biology,



Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, July 95.

 Optical Solitons and Fiber Lasers



Pulse-Enevlope Solitons on 2-d Lattices with in-plane displacements

Soliton reseachers and research groups

The Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh Solitons Home Page
 Alwyn Scott Home Page



Light Bullet Home Page: created by Darran Edmundson and Richard Enns
of the Department of Physics at Simon Fraser University.

 George Watson's Home Page



Shallow Water Acoustics in a Random Media (SWARM): from the Woods Hole Ocean Acoustics Lab.

 Steve Blair's Homepage


Solitons and Geometry
Solitons: An Introduction

Optical switching

Astart* Photonic Switching Technology
Multidisciplinary Optical Switching Technology Center (MOST) at UCSB
Optical Interconnect Technology
Reversible Optical Switch for Storage
TBONE Project
Dynamic Hologram Refresher - DHR-4
Joint Optoelectronics Project (JOP) Home Page
Electrical And Communications Systems - Project Selections from WorkPage
Dynamic Hologram Refresher - DHR-4
Ultrafast all-optical switching in directional couplers
Wavelength MUX/DEMUX


Fiber Optics
Physics Around the World: Optics, Optoelectronics, and Laser Science
Transmitters / Waveguides / Modulators
Photonic Systems Publications
Optoelectronic Computing Group: Research Highlights
Photonic CAD and educational programs
Psaltis Group Home Page
Optoelectronic architectures
iFROST: illinois FibeR-optic and Optoelectronic Systems Toolkit
Quad-port MAC device tailored for frame switching
OptiComp Corporation Home Page
McGill Photonic Systems Group
UCONN Photonics Research Center
Gateway to Photonics Information
LEOS Home Page
Joint Optoelectronics Project (JOP) Home Page

Quantum computing

Sarfatti Lectures on Physics
Aladdin Seminar on Quantum Computation
Quantum computation: a tutorial

Random Media

OSA OpticsNet News - Optics in Biology and Medicine

Fiber optic sensors from Abacusa Optical Mechanical. Fiber optic contact, pressure, impact, counter, intrusion, and edge sensors. Fiber Optic Sensor Devices
Fiber Optic System
Fiber Optic Sensor Technology Handbook
OSA Technical Homes
ASD: Spectra of Water Phases
Absorption Spectrum of an Excess Electron in Water
Water Module
Scripps Photobiology Group
Scripps Photobiology Group
Reflection and absorption of human skull to microwave radiation
Introduction to Remote Sensing Principles
Interactions with the Atmosphere
Electromagnetic Phenomena--1
Optoelectronics Divsion Home Page
NanoNews - April 21, 1997
Quantum Coherence & Intense-Field Stabilization Research
MITI Home Page



The All-Optical Computer, Science Fiction or Fact?  See in particular Photons Messengers of the future world?
OptoElectronic Computing Group at UCSD

Laser Photonics home page
Course on Optical Computing
Optics Express
OSS Waves
Lightwave Devices Group homepage
Aston University-Photonics Research Group
UC Berkeley Optoelectronics Group

This page was prepared and is maintained by R. Victor Jones
Comments to: jones@deas.harvard.edu.
Last updated August 31, 2006